Gunung Kawi Rockcut Temple in Bali



If we see from the identify we all know immediately, it may be the potential of translation of Kawi as poet, so gunung Kawi can be meant the mountain of poet. The river that varieties the ravine which slope is lower for the temple is Pakerisan river, kris means Balinese lengthy blade or knife. What is actually referred by the title isn’t clear till now. The people right now think about this complex as a part of a temple which was constructed much later time. See from the history it is not a part of a temple in the which means of worshipping the Hindu God, however having the relation with private deification of a king. The entire complicated include 5 smaller complexes, and including the temple are 6 complexes. Two complexes on the east slope of the river and 3 complexes are on the west slope. Two complexes going through one another separated by the river are identified as belong to the king and his Queen or concubines. Ref: Bali Villas

The complex for the king consist of 3 rock lower candis and the complex for the Queen include 4 rock cut candis. It’s onerous to know that only the candi for the king made in 3. It could be the king was with his 2 principal consorts, and the 4 candis throughout the river have been just for his other concubines. At the door of the candi for the king is talked about in a inscription of the king died at Jalu. Jalu can mean kris or taji, a pointy small blade armed for the cock fighting. Who was the king monumentalized here? is un-answered query until now, besides primarily based on extremely decorative writing of inscription called “Quadrangular Kadiri writing type” The affect of Kadiri kingdom to Bali was only arrived round 1227 AD underneath the king Kertanegara. While the date carved at the stone sculpture on Mount Panulisan with the same type talked about the dates 1011 AD, 1074 AD, and 1077 AD. Whereas the interval between 989 AD to 1001 AD was the rule of king Udayana Warmadewa along with his Queen Mahendradatta. Ref: Bali Villas

In their charters it’s talked about that king Udayana was deified at “Banyu Wka”, and his Queen Mahendradatta was deified at Buruan which is already identified, and only Banyu Wka is just not identifiable till at the moment, and archaeologists supposed that Banyu Wka is Gunung Kawi, as Banyu means water, and Wka means clear or clean, so he should have been deified at a river with very clear water, but an historical monument simply renovated is Pura Mangening which also refers the identify of ening or clear. The issue is the complicated of the temple is just not huge, only one stone shrines with small zone. If we in contrast together with his Queen monument in Buruan it makes sense that the king would not want large advanced to commemorate himself. So who was monumentalized at Gunung Kawi? Some archaeologists believed that was the son of Udayana, either king Marakata Pangkajasthana or Anak Wungsu.

The rule of Marakata shouldn’t be recognized a lot and there’s not many document about his government. Totally different from Anak Wungsu who issued many inscriptions and he was a diligent king in making each information which lead an idea that he was a fantastic king just like his father king Udayana. With the length of time of ruling that was from 1049 AD to 1077 AD could be a proof that during his rule the condition of the society was good, and it was not impossible he was revered by their complete people. As the very fact of many nice king in Indonesia that commemoration with candi or sculpture was a standard approach the individuals to honor their king who was able to carry the welfare for the society. In this case writer want to consider that Gunung Kawi has been dedicated for the great name of king Anak Wungsu. Ref: Bali Private Villas

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